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Investigating the Effect of the Opening Unit on the Airflow Field in Rotor Spinning

Research and development

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Nr DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0010.4622

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Abstract:

The opening unit is an important device in a rotor spinning unit to comb fibres and remove trash. In this paper, numerical simulation is carried out to study the flow structure in the rotor spinning channel and the trash removal process in the trash removal unit. Firstly the effect of the opening unit on the airflow field in the rotor channel is investigated by singlephase simulation. The result shows that the effective area for fibre conveyance enlarges as the absolute value of negative pressure at the outlet increases, while it decreases as the opening roller speed increases. However, the effect of the negative pressure and the opening roller speed on the length of the vortex in the axial direction is quite small. Secondly the trash separation process in the trash removal unit is simulated using the Discrete Phase Model (DPM). Suitable rotational speeds of particles of different diameters are acquired. These results could provide a valuable reference for parameter selection in the trash-removal process.

Tags:

rotor spinning, opening unit, flow characteristics, trash removal, fibre opening, Discrete Phase Model (DPM).

Citation:

Jin Y, Zhu S, Cui J, Li J, Zhu Z. Investigating the Effect of the Opening Unit on the Airflow Field in Rotor Spinning. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2017; 25, 5(125): 18-24. DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0010.4622

Published in issue no 5 (125) / 2017, pages 18–24.

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