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Issue 6 (120) / 2016

Title page       Contents

General problems of the fibre and textile industries

The Polyamide Market

Authors: Wesołowski Jacek, Płachta Karolina

This article presents changes that have occurred in recent years on the market for polyamides (PA). Attention is given to the various factors which brought about the changes. Demand and production figures are shown and the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1215537
| Pages 12–18

Status and Scope of the Jute Industry in India in Comparison to other World Producers

Authors: Bag Satya, Narayan, Kumar Uday, Chand, Pal Asim, Kumar

India is the leading producer of raw jute and jute products in the world. India’s sacking goods production comprises 75% of the total goods production and B twill bags, used for packaging rice and wheat, and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221732
| Pages 19–25

Determination of a System of Women’s Clothing Sizes in the Goransko-primorska County of the Republic of Croatia

Authors: Doležal Ksenija, Hrženjak Renata, Ujević Darko

The aim of this work is to improve the system of clothing sizes by the determining body measurements of adult women in the Goransko-primorska County of the Republic of Croatia. The system of clothing sizes was...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221733
| Pages 26–31

Apparel Design Safety and Production Criteria and Models

Authors: Chen Lihong, Yan Xinfeng, Gao Changchun

A safe apparel design and production (SADP) model was proposed as a system to guide the development of safe apparel. An objective analysis of user needs and examination of safe nutrients used in apparel design uncovered through...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221734
| Pages 32–38

Everlasting Design Thinking

Authors: Masajtis Józef, Kędzia Elżbieta, Szumigaj-Badziak Anna, Wereszka Aleksandra

The article presents an analysis of the design thinking process taking into consideration universal procedures and steps, starting from defining the problem, identifying needs, searchimg for solutions, prototyping and testing. There has recently been noticed the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221735
| Pages 39–44

Research and development

Utilization of Post-Maceration Liquid from Spartium junceum Enzymatic Retting in Biosynthesis of Bacterial Nanocellulose

Authors: Kazimierczak Janusz, Wietecha Justyna, Kopania Ewa, Szadkowski Marek, Infelise Lilia

The idea of the production of high value-added materials from wastes originating from renewable plant biomass has great potential of becoming an integral part of modern biorefineries. Spartium junceum (Spanish broom) is a perennial shrub widespread...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221736
| Pages 45–50

Processing of Chitosan Yarn into Knitted Fabrics

Authors: Wawro Dariusz, Skrzetuska Ewa, Włodarczyk Bogdan, Kowalski Krzysztof, Krucińska Izabella

This article focuses on a preliminary investigation into the preparation of knitted fabrics from a 300-filament chitosan yarn containing nanoparticles of silver, platinum, copper and gold. The chitosan yarn was assessed with respect to its suitability...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221738
| Pages 52–57

Investigation on the Melt Processing of Biodegradable Aliphatic-Aromatic Polyester into Fibrous Products

Authors: Twarowska-Schmidt Krystyna, Sulak Konrad, Gałęski Andrzej, Piórkowska Ewa, Wojtczak Małgorzata, Dutkiewicz Sławomir

Research is described in the article concerning the melt processing of biodegradable aliphatic-aromatic copolyesters into fibrous products. Copolyesters containing 57 - 60% of a tri-component aliphatic portion (copolymers of butylene glycol and adypic-, succinic-, glutaric acid and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221739
| Pages 58–64

Melt-Blown Nonwovens from Polypropylene Blended with Unencapsulated Paraffins as PCM. Properties of Paraffin and Blends

Authors: Tomaszewski Wacław, Kudra Michał, Szadkowski Marek

Paraffin with a melting temperature in the range of 28 – 59 °C was used in the research. It was melt-blended with medium density polypropylene (PP). Thermal properties of the -paraffin and the temperature range at...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1226220
| Pages 66–72

Tri-component Recycled PVC/PE-HD Material Composite with Keratin Fibres

Authors: Tomaszewska Jolanta, Wrześniewska-Tosik Krystyna, Zajchowski Stanisław, Partyka Anita, Mik Tomasz

Presented in the article are some mechanical and processing properties of composites prepared from two recycled immiscible polymers: poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) and high density polyethylene (PE-HD), and keratin fibres used as a filler. The simplex-centroid design ...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1226221
| Pages 73–80

Numerical Simulation of Fibre Tension in an Asymmetric Ring Spinning Triangle Using FEM

Authors: Su Xuzhong, Su Xuzhong, Gao Weidong, Gao Weidong, Qin Xiaoxuan, Qin Xiaoxuan, Qin Xiaoxuan, Liu Xinjin, Liu Xinjin, Liu Xinjin, Xie Chunping, Xie Chunping

In the paper, numerical simulations of fibre tension in one kind of asymmetric ring spinning triangle caused by horizontal offsets of the twisting point is studied by using the finite element method (FEM). A finite element...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221740
| Pages 81–87

Estimation of the Inter-Yarn Channel Inlet Diameter in Textile Materials Using Structured Light 3D Micro-Scanning

Authors: Strąkowska Maria, Strąkowska Maria, Więcek Piotr, Więcek Piotr, Polipowski Mirosław, Więcek Bogusław

In this paper, a novel method of estimation of the diameter of inter-yarn channel inlets in textile materials, in particular fabrics, is described. This method is based on 3D micro-scanning with structured light. After 3D reconstruction...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221741
| Pages 88–93

New Approach to the Designing of Curtains – Decorative Multilayer Woven Structures

Authors: Szkudlarek Joanna, Snycerski Marek, Kubiak Radosław, Rutkowska Aleksandra, Taranek Dorota, Jabłoński Maciej, Chojnacki Dariusz, Zimna Katarzyna

Special conditions of applying curtain fabrics, i.e. vertical hanging and lightening with transmitted light, require a different approach to designing. It was found that weaving patterns can significantly affect the continuity of the structure, particularly in...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221742
| Pages 94–98

Double-layer Fabrics with Folk Motives. Experimental and Theoretical Study of their Characteristics

Authors: Kumpikaitė Eglė, Kot Liucina , Tautkutė-Stankuvienė Indrė

Nowadays authentic textile motifs are becoming very popular. The latest fashion trends show that the expressed relief and texture of fabrics are common. Combining these two tendencies, 8 fabrics of two-layer spatial structure were woven. It...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221743
| Pages 100–108

Woven Fabrics Containing Hybrid Yarns for Shielding Electromagnetic Radiation

Authors: Marciniak Katarzyna, Grabowska Katarzyna Ewa, Stempień Zbigniew, Ciesielska-Wróbel Izabela Luiza, Ciesielska-Wróbel Izabela Luiza, Rutkowska Aleksandra, Taranek Dorota

The aim of the study was to verify whether the construction of a specific hybrid yarn containing a ferromagnetic core and electroconductive wire introduced into woven fabric will improve the shielding effectiveness (SE) in comparison with...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221744
| Pages 109–115

Issues Regarding the Design of Textile Compression Products for Small Body Circumferences

Authors: Ilska Anita, Kowalski Krzysztof, Kłonowska Magdalena, Kowalski Tomasz Marek, Sujka Witold

On the basis of models developed, an analysis was made of the impact of the seam and  adopted manufacturing tolerances of a compression product on the value of unit pressure depending on the longitudinal rigidity of...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221745
| Pages 116–120

I-SCAN Method for the Assessment of Pressure Exerted by Textile Products

Authors: Cieślak Małgorzata, Karaszewska Agnieszka, Gromadzińska Ewa, Śledzińska Katarzyna

The capabilities of the I-SCAN (TekScan) system for pressure measurements were tested in in vivo and in vitro condition using hosiery articles at a pressure of 18-21mmHg, as declared by the manufacturers. For two types of...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221746
| Pages 121–127

Study of Multilayer Clothing Thermal Insulation Using Thermography and the Finite Volume Method

Authors: Puszkarz Adam K., Krucińska Izabella

The article concerns the wide issue which is thermal comfort. In the paper investigations on the textile thermal insulation problem are presented. Materials  tested were multi-layer systems with potential application in uniforms addressed to  firefighters. Thermal...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221747
| Pages 129–137

Shape Determination of Elastica Subjected to Bending by Means of Displacements

Authors: Szablewski Piotr, Korycki Ryszard

Free folding of flat textiles can be determined using elastica for the same shape, loads and folding conditions across the product. The paper presents a general theory concerning shape determination of coplanar elastica subjected to static...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221748
| Pages 138–142

Investigations Regarding the Effects of Simulating Parameters During 3D Garments' Drape Simulations

Authors: Rudolf Andreja, Zadravec Metka, Stjepanovič Zoran

This paper presents research into simulating parameters effects on 3D garment drape simulations with the aim of examining influential parameters regarding the accuracies of the appearances of virtual garments. The effects on the modified appearances of 3D...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221749
| Pages 143–150

Textile Sweat Sensor for Underwear Convenience Measurement

Authors: Kubiak Paweł, Leśnikowski Jacek , Gniotek Krzysztof

The following article is aimed at researching  textile-based simplified sensors to determine the human perspiration effect and sweat appearance on the body and wearing surface. Using the current flow and resistance drop effect over  cotton and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1209917
| Pages 151–155

Interpolymer Complexes as Modifying Compounds for Reducing Cotton Blended Fabric Flammability

Authors: Bokova Elena S., Kovalenko Grigory M. , Woźniak Bogusław, Pawlowa Maria, Bokova Kseniya S. , Grzesiak Edyta

In this study modifying compounds on the basis of interpolymer complexes (IPC) of polyacrylic acid with nonionic polymers (polyvinyl alcohol, polyethylene oxide, polyacrylamide) were obtained. The conditions for formation of polymer-polymer complexes in aqueous media were...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221750
| Pages 157–160

Acrylic Acid Plasma Treatment of Polypropylene Nonwoven Fabric

Authors: Buček Andrej, Buček Andrej, Popelka Anton, Zahoranová Anna, Kováčik Dušan, Kováčik Dušan, Novák Igor, Černák Mirko, Černák Mirko

Nowadays hydrogel materials are being used in medical practice for wound dressing purposes. Hydrogel/textile composites can be formed to increase the mechanical strength and handling capability of  hydrogel materials. Nonwoven textiles are optional for such applications,...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221751
| Pages 161–164

Effect of Perforated Polyurethane Foam on Moisture Permeability for Car Seat Comfort

Authors: Mazari Funda Buyuk, Chotebor Michal, Naeem Jawad, Mazari Adnan Ahmed, Havelka Antonin

Polyurethane (PU) foams are the most essential part of a car seat cushion. PU foams are durable and easily moldable according to the shape of the car seat, but they are poorly permeable to moisture. This...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221752
| Pages 165–169

Biological Dressings Based on Natural Polymers

Authors: Kucharska Magdalena, Brzoza-Malczewska Kinga, Wiśniewska-Wrona Maria, Pałys Beata, Struszczyk Marcin H., Cichecka Magdalena, Wilbik-Hałgas Bożena, Karuga-Kuźniewska Ewa, Paluch Danuta, Rybak Zbigniew

The article presents a method for producing a IV generation hemostatic dressing in the form of powder consisted of fibrous, which ensures a high level of security in application. The dressing material was developed on the basis of...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221753
| Pages 170–174

Utilization of Cereal and Milling Industry Products as Raw Materials for the Manufacture of Biopolymer Technical Products

Authors: Ciechańska Danuta, Kaszuba Leszek, Żakowska Hanna, Sulak Konrad, Kapuśniak Kamila, Janiga Michał, Wietecha Justyna, Gutowska Agnieszka, Mik Tomasz

The pressure which is being exerted on manufacturers by the users of consumer goods towards more environmentally friendly applications, favours the use of already existing environmentally friendly raw materials or the search for new ones. One...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1226219
| Pages 175–180

Investigation on the Structure and Properties of Modified Products from the Grain-Mill Industry for Use in the Preparation of Biopolymer Technical Materials

Authors: Ciechańska Danuta, Kapuśniak Janusz, Kaszuba Leszek, Ciepliński Maciej, Siemion Przemysław, Roczkowska Magdalena, Żarski Arkadiusz, Ptak Sylwia, Gutowska Agnieszka

In the new century, the possible use of raw materials, half-products and materials derived from renewable resources is attracting growing attention. Green technologies come into play to exploit natural raw materials, including biopolymers such as cellulose,...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1227413
| Pages 181–188

Chemical Modification of Starch-Protein Material Performed in Order to Obtain a Half Product for Thermoplastic Processing

Authors: Janiga Michał, Stufka-Olczyk Jadwiga, Milczarek Anna, Michniewicz Małgorzata, Ciechańska Danuta, Tomaszewski Wacław, Gutowska Agnieszka, Kapuśniak Janusz

This article presents the results of tests which were carried out on a starch-protein biomaterial produced from wheat. The research was performed in order to assess optimal conditions for performing the chemical modification (acetylation and oxidation...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221754
| Pages 189–195

Improving the Hydrophobic Properties of Starch-Protein Raw Material by Enzymatic Modification

Authors: Wietecha Justyna, Kazimierczak Janusz, Pałys Beata, Gutowska Agnieszka

In this study, starch-protein raw material was esterified with oleic acid, vinyl laurate as well as rape oil as an acyl donor. Chloroform was used as a reaction medium and  immobilized lipase from Candida antarctica as...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1226222
| Pages 196–201

Heat Plasticization of Functional Wheat Flour by Extrusion in the Presence of Plasticizers

Authors: Sulak Konrad, Gutowska Agnieszka, Pałys Beata, Rychter Piotr

Innovative functional flours with the trade name Q-Farin were used in the preparation of biopolymer materials with properties adequate to the production of biodegradable multifunctional packaging. To meet the assumed goal, it was necessary for  the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1226223
| Pages 202–209

Chitosan-Modified Cellulosic Nonwoven for Application in Gynecology. Impact of the Modification Upon Chemical Purity, Structure and Antibacterial Properties

Authors: Gzyra-Jagieła Karolina, Jóźwicka Jolanta, Gutowska Agnieszka, Pałys Beata, Kaźmierczak Dorota

Physical-chemical, morphological and physical-mechanical characterization was made for cellulose nonwoven modified with chitosan nanoparticles with a view to their possible use in medicine as gynecological tampons. It was an aim of the work to assess the...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1226224
| Pages 210–217

Removal of Pollutants from Textile Wastewater using Organic Coagulants

Authors: Kos Lech, Michalska Karina, Żyłła Renata

The aim of the study was to compare results of the treatment of different types of textile wastewater using selected organic, inorganic and mixed organic-inorganic coagulants and to assess their effectiveness. Results of the treatment depended...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221755
| Pages 218–224

Membrane Fouling Effect During Nanofiltration of Wastewater from Dyeing Cellulose and Polyamide Fabrics

Authors: Żyłła Renata, Sójka-Ledakowicz Jadwiga, Kamińska Irena

The aim of research was to compare the parameters of nanofiltration of textile wastewater generated in two different dyeing processes. Tests were carried out for wastewater from dyeing cellulose fibres with direct and reactive dyes and...   more »

full text | references | Nr DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1221756
| Pages 225–233

General Information


in Eastern Europe
ul. Skłodowskiej-Curie 19/27,
90-570 Łódź, Poland
e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 19/27 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie Str., 90-570 Łódź, Poland e-mail: infor@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl; ftee@lit.lukasiewicz.gov.pl

Editor-in-Chief Dariusz Wawro, Head of Editorial Office Janusz Kazimierczak, Text Editor Geoffrey Large, Assistant Editor Anna WahlProduction Łukasiewicz-ŁIT